Bosra, Suweida, Dira'a, Azra', Shahba, and more
Syria's Southern region is the home of the Druze and much of it is known as the Hauran. It is also home to one of Syria's prime historical and architectural treasures - The Amphitheatre of Bosra! Any single one of these places can be visited with a day trip from Damascus, but catching more than one that way might prove difficult. Always check the return times as soon as you arrive in the city, as the last bus sometimes goes earlier than expected (and might be fully booked) and a surprise night in a city with no hotel might not be your thing.
Though the one-of-a-kind amphitheatre is the prime attraction of this ancient Roman city, there is much more on display. An entire quarter of the old black basalt rock Roman town is still up and standing. One of my Italian friends once remarked that it was a bit like walking through some of the streets of Rome. The remains are pretty compact so there is no need to plan for more than an 45 minutes for exploration.
The Amphitheatre and Citadel
The Amphitheatre of Bosra is one of those structures which you cannot believe still exist in its current state of preservation and only exist a few other places in the world, such as the Colosseum in Rome, due mostly to it having been buried underneath layers of sand for much of its existence. The arena itself is built within the walls of the citadel around it. So enjoy!
Links to other entries
If you are interested in knowing more about other places to visit in Syria, I have several other blog entries covering other regions.
All of Syria: http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/
Part I - Damascus and Introduction to the Country: http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/3/
Part II - The South (Bosra, ...): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/4/
Part III - Damascus Countryside (Ma'aloula, Seydnayya, Deir Mar Musa, Bloudan, ...): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/5/
Part IV - The Road to Palmyra (Tadmor): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/6/
Part V - Central Syria (Crac des Chevaliers, Homs, Hama, ...): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/7/
Part VI - Aleppo Governorate (Syria's Second Capital): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/8/
Part VII - Euphrates Pt. 1 (Deir Ez-Zor Governorate): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/9/
Part VIII - Meditarranean Coast (Latakia, Tartous,...): http://espen-lutken.travellerspoint.com/10/